React useOnTop hook


by Petr Rajtslegr

July 4, 2021

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Hello everyone!

I want to show you how to build a simple hook to determine position of scroll, more precisely, if the position is at the top of the page.

Here is the code:

// useOnTop.tsx
import React, { useEffect, useState } from 'react';

const useOnTop = (): boolean => {
  const [onTop, setOntTop] = useState(true);

  useEffect(() => {
    window.addEventListener('scroll', handleScroll);

    return () => window.removeEventListener('scroll', handleScroll);

  const handleScroll = (): void => {
    if (window.pageYOffset > 0) {
      if (onTop) setOntTop(false);
    } else {
      if (!onTop) setOntTop(true);

  return onTop;

export default useOnTop;

As you can see, it's quite simple. Using the useEffect hook, we add an event listener bound to the scroll that calls the handleScroll method. We then use the Window API to detect the page offset and set the state using the setState hook, which we then return from our method.

Thank you and see you soon!

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